Bulk material handling is the process of packaging, processing and/or transporting bulk materials in preparation for shipment or sale. Bulk materials include dry materials like wood chips, cereals, coal, loose stone and gravel, ore and sand, as well as mixed wastes. Bulk material handling equipment is used quite commonly in a number of industrial processes, including those in the construction, paper and pulp, logging and shipping industries. Often, bulk material handling systems are categorized by the types of materials they are designed to handle and/or the types of applications for which they are designed. Such materials include, of course, those mentioned above, along with any other dry materials in their bulk form. One common type of bulk material handling system is the system that handles materials for manufacturing. For instance, saw mills and paper mills often use bulk material handling systems to pick up sawdust, logs and woodchips for further manufacturing. This type of bulk handling system is also used to feed coal-fired utility boilers and in flour mills. Similarly, other bulk material handling systems are designed to transport materials for processing. This is the case systems that process ore for concentrating and smelting. Still other systems are designed simply to transport bulk materials from a source location to a final location. This is quite common when the goal of an application is inventory control or when the goal of an application is inventory storage.
Bulk material handling equipment is used to transport, process, and package bulk materials, like powder bulk solids, before sale or shipment. There are many different types of bulk material handling systems which are distinguished by the types of applications for which they are used and the kinds of materials they are constructed to handle.